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Yorkshire terrier: A big personality in a tiny body

Yorkshire terrier: Una gran personalidad en un cuerpo diminuto

Lobo Azul |

When it comes to small pets, there are various breeds that could complicate choosing an appropriate one. However, differences in character and other aspects can greatly facilitate this decision, even more so if you are looking for an extroverted and loving dog, such as the Yorkshire Terrier .
  • Small size .
  • Weight : Between 1.5 and 4kg.
  • Hair type : Fine, straight, long and shiny.
  • Character : Cheerful, restless, brave and brave.
  • Health : Good health.
  • Life expectancy : Around 15 years.
A dog that has a great personality in a tiny body, but with notable physical characteristics, especially for its delicate coat. These dogs make excellent domestic pets, since their company will be based on love, sweetness and a lot of fun.
Yorkie terrier
Energetic and with notable dexterity, this is how they are characterized, although this does not stop them from being refined dogs that require abundant care. Therefore, it is necessary to have all the information possible about this breed before considering its adoption. Thinking about this, we have developed an article dedicated to this terrier: its history, its temperament, its health, its education and, above all, the care that these little friends need. We will detail all of this below to help you know if a specimen of this breed can become your new best canine friend.

Origin of Yorkshire

There are currently different theories about the history of the Yorkshire terrier, which may be really valid. However, the most specific thing that is known about this breed is that it comes from the Victorian era, from a place called Yorkshire, England . Hence the characteristic name of these dogs. Their offspring are closely linked to other Terriers such as the Maltese Bichon and the Clydesdale Terrier, a now extinct breed . However, the exact origin of the Yorkie remains a mystery, although several theories that have individual credibility have focused on this topic.
One of the most accepted is that these dogs were bred in the north of England , where urban workers could not adopt large dogs as pets, but wanted a small canine with great energy and personality, characteristics that this breed appropriately has. On the other hand, it has also been highlighted that the creation of these dogs was due to the need for a small hunter for rodents that invaded the galleries at that time, in addition to sneaking into the burrows to capture badgers and foxes. Another theory is that Scottish workers started this breed. However, the validity of this has not been established. What is really a fact is that the first Yorkshires were larger than the current ones and, furthermore, that their recognition spread considerably once the appearance of the current species was achieved. Its appearance outside England occurred in the mid-19th century, when it began to become popular in exhibitions held in the United States. From there his presence has been highlighted in different spaces, standing out for being a spoiled dog and unmatched companion.

Physical appearance of the Yorkie

The physical characteristics of this small terrier are an issue that has made it stand out among many other breeds. It is a really compact, small animal, with a fine body with a distinguished appearance but very well formed, strong and muscular . Perfectly suited to his energetic attitude. These dogs have distinctive aspects that identify them and attract them due to their beauty, especially if we talk about their coat. However, these attributes will depend on the care given to them. Let's learn a little more about the appearance of the Yorkie terrier.

Size and weight

It is one of the smallest breeds that has ever existed . Its height does not exceed 14 and even 17 centimeters at the withers. Being slightly longer than tall. On the other hand, its weight is also light, averaging a maximum of 4 kilos.


Like their body, the head of these dogs is small, covered by a smooth and elongated canvas. A tiny face, harmonious with its build, which gives it a certain touch of delicacy. It has a medium-sized snout, and its nose, normally black, is also medium and rounded. Their eyes are circular, large and round, generally black. While their ears are set high, short and in the shape of triangles, they are perfectly erect.


Set high, elongated, fine and also covered by extensive fur, characteristic of the breed.


If there is something that differentiates the Yorkshire terrier, it is its fine, smooth, long and shiny coat. Slightly abundant, even more noticeable on his head, giving him an appearance of tenderness and fun. The accepted colors for this breed are steel blue, on its body and tail, while the rest is brown.

Yorkshire Temperament

The small and delicate physical appearance of this breed can make one mistakenly think that it is a docile and calm animal, when in reality the opposite is true. The Yorkshire has an energetic, happy, dynamic and above all very restless personality , which in some cases is difficult to control. This is a remarkably spoiled dog, not only in the care it needs for its appearance, but also in pampering and emotional attention. Ultimately, these dogs are intended for people willing to pamper them and dedicate a lot of their time to them, otherwise they may suffer from anxiety, feel lonely, and develop behavioral problems such as being destructive and barking excessively. An innate quality of these dogs is the ability to perceive the mood of their owners, especially those closest to them, and shower them with affection if they find them sad.
It is also very strong, brave and brave, which is why it has been considered an excellent guard dog, despite its tiny size. Although it is a dog accustomed to pampering and attention, living in homes with children is usually a delicate issue, as they are very susceptible to excessive play with the little ones. However, they are an inexhaustible source of energy, which will help in the education of children. What is indicated in these cases is to teach the little ones how to treat these dogs and constantly supervise the games between them, in this way, there will be no problem. Meanwhile, coexistence with other animals is usually not very good, because these are dogs with a strong sense of ownership and do not like to constantly share their territory. This situation can be adequately treated with early socialization. In addition, these dogs have great ease of adaptation , whether to open spaces such as the countryside or to life in the city. The important thing is the amount of attention they receive from their owners. They are very intelligent, confident and independent, so training will not be difficult if the appropriate measures are taken. The owner, however, must know about the canine, to know how to carry out this process. One of the aspects in which he can be the most stubborn is in learning to relieve himself outside the home.


As said a little above, Yorkshires are very intelligent and attentive dogs , so the process of educating them will not be complex. However, it is important to know the breed well to provide training that is truly in line with its personality. First of all, we must highlight socialization as a starting point for training, because these dogs are not usually very friendly in the presence of other animals . Starting with this point at an early age will allow the dog to acquire a friendlier orientation and get used to its environment, people and animals around it easily.
It is important to be constant and patient in the education of this terrier, since there are aspects such as the place to relieve itself, which may take longer than others to learn. Basic commands are also very important, as they will allow the dog to establish limits on its behavior. In addition, it will prevent serious behavioral problems from developing. Applying positive reinforcement, motivation and, above all, showing yourself as a guide and leader to these dogs, without the need for abuse or shouting, will make the dog feel more comfortable and confident, greatly facilitating the learning process.


This breed is generally in very good health. Their life expectancy is around 15 years , also depending on the care provided. If there is something to highlight, it is that these dogs need permanent attention. However, despite their good physical condition, they can be affected by some diseases and conditions that alter their pace of life. Firstly, although they are very energetic and have a strong temperament, their body is quite fragile, that is, they can be easily hurt and suffer some trauma . Therefore, care must be taken regarding the treatment given to these animals, even more so when they play with children at home. On the other hand, they are breeds that are not very tolerant of low temperatures; the cold can very frequently cause colds and even bronchitis, complicating the well-being of these canines.

Yorkshire Care

Although we have mentioned it throughout this article, this is a breed with a lot of demands when it comes to care , it is worth it. It must be one of the dogs that demands the most attention from its owners, and it is truly a very special dog.
Let's see what are the essential care you need:


Obesity can be a common issue in these dogs if a proper eating process is not carried out. Even more so due to their short stature, care should be taken to maintain correct nutrition. To do this, consulting with the veterinarian about the appropriate feed, adjusted to their age and size, is ideal. A specific feed that provides adequate nutrients to the canine will keep it in perfect nutritional status. On the other hand, avoiding providing people food and other unnecessary treats is essential in the feeding process.


Although they are not very athletic dogs, these dogs have incomparable energy , which is why they require a considerable amount of exercise time to manage this energy expenditure and maintain an adequate physical and emotional balance. At least two walks a day should be given to these dogs on a regular basis so that they remain well cared for.


Bathing, brushing, and eye and mouth care are essential for the good health of these dogs . First of all, bathing should be frequent, at least once every two weeks, trying to use a specific shampoo and conditioners especially for dogs, to maintain the shine and straightness of their hair. Secondly, brushing, necessary at least three times a week to avoid the appearance of knots and incessant hair loss . It is important to use a quality brush, with adequate bristles that does not hurt the dog or its hair. If you do not know how to do it, it is recommended to go to a dog groomer to obtain correct information. For their part, these dogs are prone to the accumulation of lice, so constantly checking their eyes and cleaning them with a damp gauze, in a delicate and gentle way, is ideal to keep their eyes clean. In addition, oral health is of great importance, as you will avoid the presence of tartar and bacteria on your teeth if you brush properly.


If there is one aspect that cannot be ignored, it is the need for affection that these dogs present. It is essential that this is considered a basic aspect of care. The Yorkshire fully enjoys the company and attention of its people, so it should not be deprived of this.

Medical checks

Regular visits to the veterinarian, vaccination checks and deworming will help these dogs stay healthy and avoid the appearance of undesirable diseases.


A truly special dog, with a small appearance but with a huge personality, this is the Yorkshire Terrier. Lover of his family, loyal, protective, energetic and very delicate. It will fill your days with joy and, above all, with a lot of love . We must not forget that this is a dog that requires, in addition to a lot of care and dedication, constant and patient education to be able to behave appropriately. In short, if you are looking for a loyal, active, tender companion that demands a lot of your time, without a doubt the Yorkshire terrier is the ideal dog for you . Learn more interesting dog breeds:
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