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Alaskan Malamute - Origin, characteristics and behavior of this breed

Alaskan Malamute - Origen, características y comportamiento de esta raza

Lobo Azul |

Among the great variety of breeds that exist, getting lost between the distinctive aspects of one or another is very easy. The search for a new canine companion can be complicated, especially if you do not know exactly the care and characteristics that each of these species has. Therefore, in this article we are going to introduce you to the great Alaskan Malamute.
  • Big size .
  • Weight : Between 32 and 43kg.
  • Hair type : Long and dense.
  • Character : Playful, Friendly, Devoted, Affectionate, Dignified, Loyal
  • Health : Healthy and resistant breed
  • Life expectancy : Between 10 and 12 years.
Whether due to its size, need for exercise, food, space, hygiene or affection, knowing which is the ideal pet for any person should be a fundamental aspect before choosing the one that could become the best friend. That is why we have prepared a special article about a particularly interesting breed, as well as beautiful appearance. This is the Alaskan Malamute , whose recognition, until now, has been for being an excellent sled puller and possessing great strength for this activity. Below you will find all the information you need to know this breed better, such as care, characteristics, history, health and the training required, among others.


The Arctic is the place where this dog breed is based, where existing tribes first bred it around the 19th century. His strength, large size and imposing appearance made him stand out as the most experienced dog in pulling sleds . Although it was not the fastest, it could carry up to 70 kilos of weight during a trip. The name adopted by these dogs is due to the existence of Eskimos named " Mahlamuits " or " Mahlemuts ", who used them to transport food and items necessary for their survival in these frozen areas.
arctic dog
In addition to being an excellent sled puller, these dogs were also recognized in the tribes for their hunting skills . He was frequently observed in battle with polar bears, wolves or walruses, among other Alaskan animals, and emerged victorious. This also allowed travelers to be safe, so the protection of the tribes was also another function that this race played effectively. As such, the Alaskan Malamute was recognized in approximately 1935 . And since then they have become popular for their beauty and character.

Alaskan Malamute Body Characteristics

A muscular dog, with a strong and robust build. This is how the physical appearance of the Alaskan Malamute is presented. Because it is a sled-pulling dog, it has a notable firmness in its build, providing the image of tenacity and strength that the activity it has carried out since its beginnings requires: transporting sleds with heavy loads. The standard ideal size of these dogs is 93 centimeters. However, males reach up to 65 centimeters at the withers, while females average a height of 63 cm. In relation to weight, a male Alaskan can easily reach 70 kilos and females can reach between 48 and 63 kilos.
Alaskan Malamute Body Characteristics
It has a head proportionally adjusted to its physical build. Long and wide in shape. It always remains upright, which gives it an appearance of great security and majesty. A curious look is what characterizes the eyes of this breed, which are medium-sized and almond-shaped. Commonly dark or brown in color. Their ears are oval in shape, facing downwards. They are small and with round tips. However, when they are upright, they point outwards. The lower extremities of this breed are as prominent as the rest of its body. Firm, muscular and covered by their dense fur. Its legs have a type of thick pad that provides greater comfort and ease of movement. Regarding the coat of the Alaskan Malamute, it can be perceived as abundant and divided into two. An inner layer, softer and thinner, and another outer layer. The outer layer is thicker and rougher. Both protect it from the low temperatures in which it was raised. The coat color of this breed can be varied. It may well be unicolor (black and white the most common) or bicolor, or with different combinations of these shades.


The character of the Alaskan Malamute breed can present some very detailed traits. To a large extent, this aspect depends on both your education and your environment. Let's see why: It is, in principle, a serene, self-confident and balanced dog. He has a calm demeanor most of the time. This does not mean that it is a trusting dog, on the contrary. When he perceives any danger or suspicion of risk around him, he immediately acts. It is a dog that does not usually bark unnecessarily, but rather warns of any scenario that requires it in order to protect its loved ones. Therefore it is characterized as a good company. It has an imposing presence, and thus continues to protect its home and loved ones. This breed has a tendency to be destructive if it feels overwhelmed by confinement. That is, living in a small space, such as an apartment, is not suitable for Alaskans. Regarding living with other dogs, he can be a little distrustful at first and feel invaded. However, this will happen as the days go by and as long as you do not feel attacked, you will remain calm. Later, he will adapt and coexist calmly with the other dogs.
Alaskan Malamute Behavior
In relation to people, although it has a serious appearance, this breed is usually playful , affectionate and very happy, so living with new friends is not a problem once it meets them. The need for exercise and outdoor activities is essential for this dog to keep its energy channeled and not become a rebellious, destructive and depressive animal. Therefore you should consider the time you have to dedicate to walking these animals. Loyalty, sweetness and protection towards their owners are the main characteristics that define the personality of this breed. However, at times he may develop tough behavior. In most cases, each of the aspects related to the behavior and character of the Alaskan Malamute will be determined by the education that is given to the breed from an early age.

Alaskan Malamute Training

Due to their origin and genetics, dogs of this breed can exhibit aggressive behavior and always be on the defensive if they are not properly educated. If you want to enjoy a sweet, balanced and energetic pet, the ideal is to start training the Alaskan Malamute from the first weeks of life , this will guarantee, as it grows, a well-behaved dog.
Alaskan Training
One of the aspects that should be considered a priority is teaching him to live and socialize with other animals, especially those smaller than him. This is because, by nature, this breed tends to be a hunter par excellence, and identifies smaller animals as its prey. Learning to live together will prevent you from running after any animal when you go outside. So this is a key aspect to train. For greater safety, leash walking can be adopted. However, this can be counterproductive, because it is a large animal that can easily drag its owner when fleeing. The most convenient thing is to constantly practice dog training to avoid these episodes. Although it is an intelligent and obedient dog, it is usually very independent, and this can influence its training. Being patient and using positive reinforcement will provide the best results in dog training. In addition, constantly doing short practices (10 to 15 minutes) will be enough for the dog to acquire the necessary knowledge based on good behavior. And we must not forget basic commands such as sit, stay still and walk with us. All this will be very useful in the routine of these animals.


In general, the Alaskan Malamute is usually a very healthy, strong and robust animal . However, like other breeds, their health can be affected by diseases caused by genetic causes or external factors.
Alaskan care
None of these diseases are exclusive to the breed, that is, they can appear in this or any other canine. The most commons are:

Elbow and hip dysplasia

Both pathologies are hereditary, that is, they will depend largely on the dog's offspring. This is a malformation in the hip or elbow joint of the animal. This disease has a greater tendency in large and heavy dogs. Hip dysplasia is usually more common than elbow dysplasia in Alaskan dogs.

eye diseases

Glaucoma, progressive retinal atrophy and corneal dystrophy are the most common conditions that can affect the visual health of this breed. They are of genetic origin in most cases. These pathologies can cause progressive deterioration of the dog's vision and even cause it to lose this sense completely.

Loss of muscle mass

In older and middle-aged dogs, this condition can appear very frequently. Also accompanied by lack of stability and coordination of movements. This cause may be associated with multiple factors. It is usually due to a polyneuropathy, which must be determined by the veterinarian.


These dogs may at some point have continuous seizures. Which would affect your neurological system. In any case, when observing symptoms of any of these diseases, the most sensible thing is to visit a veterinarian periodically. In this way, it will be possible to determine, at an early age, how to treat these pathologies.

Alaskan Malamute Care

As it is a rustic, strong and muscular dog, the care required by the Alaskan Malamute is not usually as special as in other more delicate breeds. However, it is necessary to maintain some conditions to take care of their health and well-being, especially during their puppy stage. It could be said that the first months of the Alaskan Malamute's life are where the foundations will be laid for it to continue its adult life with good health and energy.
Alaskan malamute puppies
Let's see below some care that is needed to ensure the well-being of this great friend:


As is common in large breed dogs, diet plays a fundamental role in preventing the dog from suffering from obesity, in addition to maintaining its shiny coat and preventing it from falling out. The joints of these dogs need to be constantly strengthened, and ensuring that their diet contains the elements that help them in this process is, without a doubt, of vital importance. Maintaining a balanced diet, with food that provides the necessary requirements for good health and that also provides the satiety that the dog needs, is the most recommended. Not exceeding the amount of food is equally necessary, as this produces overfeeding in the animal that can generate, in addition to obesity, other health conditions.


Combining the Alaskan Malamute's diet with exercise is an essential task to ensure the health of our dog. Let us remember that this is a very energetic animal and is also accustomed to life outdoors, so if it does not receive walks or exercise routines constantly, it could develop not only obesity, or some other pathology, but also rebellious behavior and aggressive Three daily walks, accompanied by 15-minute games or training, or one long walk a day, will be enough to keep these dogs calm and in good shape. Excessive exercises are also not recommended, as they can cause joint problems in the animal.


Periodic visits to the veterinarian, complying with the vaccination and deworming schedule, are also essential to keep this breed free of diseases.

Affection and attention

Although it is a balanced and independent breed, the love and company of its owners cannot be missing. If you feel neglected, you may start causing damage to attract attention. So dedicate a good part of your time to showing your love for the Alaskan Malamute you have as a pet.
Alaskan breed

Bath and Hygiene

Although it is a rustic dog, it requires at least a bath once every two weeks or when it is really dirty. Brushing twice a week will be enough to keep his coat well-groomed and shiny.


A strong, muscular, intelligent and loyal breed is what characterizes Alaskan Malamute canines. This is a dog that, in addition to being excellent for hunting and transporting up to 70 kilos on a sled, can incessantly protect its owner and their home. Education in these dogs cannot be lacking, since their behavior will largely depend on it. So consider whether you have the time and patience to properly train this dog if you want to adopt it as a pet. What is known is that love and energy will never be lacking in your life if you keep this breed in mind. Get to know other dog breeds:
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