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The Mouse of Prague, a tireless little friend

El Ratón de Praga, un pequeño amigo incansable

Lobo Azul |

For those who know little about dog breeds, they are likely to relate its name to that of a rodent. However, one could not be further from the truth. The Prague Mouse is one of the most popular dogs that exists in the canine world.

  • Small size .
  • Weight : Between 1.5 and 3.5kg.
  • Hair type : Very short and straight.
  • Character : Fast, Intelligent, Lively, Active, Alert, Gentle
  • Health : Healthy
  • Life expectancy : Between 12 and 14 years.

A little friend from the capital of the Czech Republic, Prague, characterized by his diminutive size and energetic personality, which provides him with great acceptance as a pet.

Commonly associated with other breeds of toy or small stature, since it is quite related to the Chihuahua and the Toy Pinscher. However, these three races are totally different from each other, saving some aspects that give them great similarity.

Would you like to know everything about the Prague Mouse? In the following article we will tell you the most important details of this particular dog breed. Care, history, health and above all the education they require to achieve good behavior.

Be sure to read this information and find out if this dog is the right one to become your best four-legged friend.

Origin of the Prague Mouse

The history of the Prague Mouse is surrounded by noble blood because, from their beginnings, these dogs were part of the highest aristocracy of their time. Specifically in the Middle Ages, these dogs were the favorites of kings and princes such as Vladislav II , in Central Europe, specifically in Bohemia, in the Czech Republic.

Such was the acceptance and favoritism for these dogs in the Royal family, that it became very common to see them at events and parties of the highest category, as a symbol of their status for royalty. In fact, its popularity was such that the heir to the throne at that time proceeded to give a specimen of this breed to the Slovak nobility.

Prague buzzard

Later, other members of European royalty would also receive a specimen of this magnificent breed that would amaze its owners. Soon after, the popularity of these canines had grown beyond royal palaces, and ordinary citizens also enjoyed this dog as a routine companion.

However, war conflicts greatly affected the expansion of the breed and put its existence in notable danger. It was not but thanks to the insistence of fans to maintain the breed, that this canine survived in an almost miraculous way, until 1980.

Currently, it has remembered part of its recognition in society, and in different parts of the world it is normal to come across one of these as a pet. Although until now this canine has not enjoyed official status by the International Cynological Federation.

Appearance of the Prague Mouse

There are different physical characteristics of the Prague Mouse that make it a very particular canine. One of them, without a doubt, is their height and weight, because even in adulthood these canines are tiny and very light .

It is also worth highlighting its fine and thin legs, which give it an appearance of fragility but, at the same time, give it agility and speed. A fine dog, thin but well proportioned, strong and with an athletic body, this is how the Prague mouse is perceived.

Let's get to know in depth the appearance of this dog breed:

Weight and size

Like all toy breeds, that is, very small in size, these dogs reach a measurement of between 23 and up to 25 centimeters in height at the withers, once they have reached adulthood, regardless of their sex. Meanwhile, its ideal weight is 2.6 kilos. However, there are specimens that have reached up to 3.5 kilograms.

prague miniature dog


Its head is small, rounded if seen from the top. What stands out most in this part of its body are its enormous, pointed ears , set high, rectangular in shape, which give the impression of always being alert.

The eyes are medium, round and usually dark in color. On the other hand, the nose is smaller, also black, and its snout is slightly protruding.


The Prague Mouse is a breed with fairly short, smooth and soft fur. Its short canvas has made it a breed that does not shed hair at all, making it the perfect hypoallergenic dog.

As for the colors of their hair, it is common to find specimens in black and tan, or a mixture of both. However, other shades such as lilac, chocolate and red have been accepted, although they are less common.

Character of the Prague Mouse

If you are looking for an energetic, tireless, intelligent and affectionate breed of dog, the Prague Mouse, also known as the Prague Mouser, has the perfect temperament for you.

In principle, we must emphasize that this is a dog of great intelligence and obedience , that is, it will be attentive to orders and will follow them without hesitation, especially if they come from the person with whom it has created really strong bonds.

In addition, he is an affectionate canine, attached to his family, a lover of games, outdoor activities and sharing moments with those he considers close. That is to say, the issue of coexistence with these canines is not a problem, they adapt perfectly to any environment and people close to them .

Czech buzzard

On the other hand, it is an ideal breed for homes with children, because in addition to being hypoallergenic, it is quite lively, so it will be an inexhaustible source of energy for the little ones. However, it is important to guide children about the treatment that these canines should receive, since very rough play makes them more vulnerable to fractures or severe injuries.

As mentioned, these dogs are really attached to their family environment, that is, they require a considerable amount of time and dedication per day from their owners. For this reason, if you do not have the availability to take care of him and carry out activities at his side, then you should choose a more independent dog, which will easily adapt to your absence. Otherwise, these dogs are perfect for all kinds of activities.

They also require constant and adequate education. Otherwise, they may present problems with destructive behavior and bark permanently, becoming annoying for those who live in nearby areas or apartments.


Although it is not a complicated matter, the training and education of the Prague Mouser must be a constant process once it has begun. In this way, not only will a balanced character be forged, but behavioral problems will also be reduced and proper socialization with their environment will be strengthened.

It is important, in this sense, to start at an early age. At least three months of age, after the administration of their first vaccines, learning should begin, considering socialization as the first topic.

train Prague Mouse

Practicing this aspect, in its environment, such as with people, animals and even vehicles, will allow this dog to learn daily routines, lose fear and adapt to the common lifestyle.

After this learning, it is necessary to carry out training with the basic commands that every pet should know. From sitting, stopping and even walking next to you.

This way, when taking long walks or other activities, the dog will obey each of your instructions. On the other hand, all these practices will prevent it from becoming an aggressive dog with negative behaviors .

It is necessary that at least twenty minutes, during walks or games, be dedicated to training the Prague Mouser, to ensure that the instructions already practiced are not forgotten.

Prague Mouse Health

The health status of these dogs, like that of all pets, will depend largely on the care they receive. Generally, this breed is very healthy. It has a life expectancy of between 12 and 14 years, but this is only an average figure that can be extended if it receives adequate care.

However, these dogs are prone to fractures in their lower extremities due to how thin and delicate they are. Knee dislocation is also another illness that can affect the Prague Mouse at some point in its life.

In general, these conditions can be avoided by providing moderate amounts of exercise and taking care of the movements that these canines make, especially if they are outdoors, for example, in the park.

Prague Mouse Care

Although it requires great dedication, affection and company, the Prague Mouser does not need excessive care, so your attention will be devoted to showering it with affection and, above all, doing activities together.

care of the Prague buzzard


Among the main care that this breed requires is physical activity. Long walks, at least 40 minutes or an hour, complemented with exercises and games will be necessary for these dogs to stay balanced.

On the other hand, offering him a toy for his entertainment while he is at home is another way to ensure that he stays active and focuses his energy on it instead of on objects he should not touch.


Food is also important. Because they do not tend to grow much, a quality feed that corresponds to their size, physical stability and well-being is necessary.


Likewise, the hygiene of these dogs should be focused on their teeth, which it is advisable to check periodically to avoid tartar. As for bathing, it can be done once a month, if necessary.

Meanwhile, brushing twice a week will be enough for these canines to keep their coat clean.


An elementary aspect that must be taken into account is the need to shelter these dogs during winter seasons, because they tend to tremble due to the absence of hair to protect them. A coat is essential to keep you warm and free from the cold.

prague miniature breed


Finally, deworming and vaccination of these dogs is very necessary to ensure the reinforcement of their immune system and their complete well-being.


Although it is not a breed recognized by the International Cynological Federation, the Prague Mouse has earned a place among the best dogs in the world thanks to its affectionate temperament, easy adaptation and, above all, unparalleled obedience.

These dogs are ideal as companions in different activities and will not fail to fill you with fun, entertainment and a lot of energy.

For homes with children, this dog is excellent. However, they require a lot of dedication, so if you do not have enough time to attend to them, it could be affected.

If one thing is certain, it is that love and dynamism will not be lacking in your home if you decide to adopt a Prague Mouser.

Other small dog breeds:

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