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Dalmatian - Learn everything related to this popular breed

Dálmata - Conoce todo lo relacionado con esta popular raza

Lobo Azul |

When it comes to a dog, it is even more necessary to know different aspects depending on the breed we choose, since the needs for food, care and even affection are usually very different for each one. For example, if you are looking for a canine with a high level of socialization, dynamic and with an excellent personality, the Dalmatian may be the ideal option. If you intend to adopt a dog, and you like the renowned Dalmatian breed, in this article we will describe in detail its physical characteristics, origin, personality and the care that this beautiful species requires when it becomes another member of our home.
  • Big size .
  • Weight : Between 12 and 32kg.
  • Hair type : Short and straight.
  • Character : Extroverted, Friendly, Energetic, Intelligent, Sensitive, Playful, Active.
  • Health : Healthy
  • Life expectancy : Between 10 and 13 years.

History of the Dalmatian

Despite its popularity associated with the movie “101 Dalmatians” in the 1960s, one of the points about this breed that is not completely clarified is its origin. However, it is not due to a lack of information, but on the contrary, due to the different versions that have caused minor confusion about the appearance of the Dalmatians for the first time. The heaviest version places the origin of these dogs around the 17th century in Croatia, which is where the first images of this breed were located. However, it was not long before it became a widespread species throughout Europe.
Another very important aspect in the history of the Dalmatians is their close association with horses. This is because, for a long time, they were bred as carriage dogs. In countries like England, these dogs were positioned among the wealthy, as the latter selected Dalmatians as a key part of their carriages, for their protection and that of the horses. In Great Britain this dog became popular as a breed that was not only beautiful, but also very useful. Their participation as fire dogs gave them great recognition in this area, since it was common to see a fire truck passing by that was escorted by one of them, who moved the other vehicles off the road.

Physical characteristics

The peculiarity of the Dalmatian can be seen with the naked eye. It is its white fur with very characteristic black spots. However, this beautiful canine has other physical aspects that make it very unique compared to other dogs. Let's look at some of them:


The height of Dalmatian dogs varies according to sex. In the case of males, they have a size at the withers no greater than 60 centimeters, nor less than 53 cm. While females reach up to 55 centimeters high.


Unlike size, their weight does not usually vary between females and males. On average, they can reach between 25 and 35 kilograms.


It has a fine build, its profiled body provides a great athletic and distinguished personality to the well-proportioned view. Their legs are elongated, but resistant to a large amount of exercises and walks.
Dalmatian characteristics


The head of this breed is well proportioned, making perfect harmony with its body shape. His nose is pronounced, black, as are his oval eyes. Its ears have a triangular shape that hang from its head, speckled, like the rest of its body.


The tail is another characteristic aspect of the Dalmatian, as it is a fairly thick and elongated part of the body, similar to a saber. Generally it is always on the move.


Generally, these dogs are identified by having a very short, but thick and shiny coat. However, there are exceptions to the rule, and although it is rare, dogs of this breed with long hair can be found. In any case, they have a smooth coat that they shed constantly, which is an aspect that should be considered when adopting them.


Describing the personality and behavior of this breed is one of the most exciting parts, since it is one of the most loving and friendly dog ​​species that exist . Confident, intelligent and very sociable, would be the key words to define the personality of Dalmatians. They are also very active dogs. Ideal for walks, exercises, or sports, so if these details are part of your routine, the company of a Dalmatian would not hurt you at all. In relation to other animals, it usually fits in perfectly with other dogs. As with people, they are not an aggressive breed at all, so, although they are always alert around strangers, they do not usually show episodes of unexpected attacks when seeing someone for the first time. The same applies to the issue of coexistence within the home. Because it is a highly dynamic and playful dog, the Dalmatian adapts wonderfully to being in any home, even more so if it is a space with children. He is the perfect pet because he is loyal and friendly!
Dalmatian characteristics


Although it is a docile and friendly dog, the training of this type of dog must be carried out with patience and with an emphasis on positive reinforcement. Well, otherwise, it will lead to the appearance of aggressive behaviors in the dog. Avoiding shouting or hitting will make the dog feel more and more confident and will be able to follow commands easily. It is an intelligent dog, so generating appropriate habits through training is usually not complicated. It is also important to remember that this is a dog with great resistance to physical activities , so including exercises or routines outside the home in training can be a great idea to reinforce this aspect. The beginning of training in Dalmatians can be carried out from 3 months of age. In this case, it is recommended to start with basic notions such as recognizing people and objects within the home. This will make it easier for the dog to create habits and adapt to the commands of its masters.


Although it is a breed that can live between 10 and 12 years in good health, Dalmatians can be prone to different diseases. Dermatitis, infections, allergies, stomach problems, tumors, heart disease... are some of the most common. In addition, deafness frequently impacts the health of these animals. However, with proper care and regular visits to the veterinarian, a healthy life can be guaranteed for our dog.
dalmatian puppies


When it comes to care, this breed really doesn't give much work. Next, we will see some important aspects to guarantee good health for our little friend.

Bath and hygiene

As mentioned previously, the Dalmatian's coat is usually short, so it only requires constant brushing to keep it shiny. As for the bathroom, once or twice a month will be enough, as long as it is really dirty.


Taking care of your diet will not only guarantee a decrease in stomach diseases, but will also prevent obesity. Giving quality feed in adequate quantities is essential.


As said, these dogs are very active, their capacity and resistance in racing or sports such as swimming is very high. This is why keeping it in shape is a permanent necessity. Carrying out small daily outdoor exercise routines will be enough for our companion to maintain his good health.
train dalmatian

Affection and attention

If there is something that cannot be missing in the care provided to a Dalmatian, it is love and attention. These dogs have great sensitivity and are highly friendly, so they do not tolerate loneliness, so always try to show them your affection and do activities in their company.

Vaccination and veterinarian

Like other animals, maintaining an adequate vaccination schedule and regular visits to the veterinarian will ensure that our puppy is free of diseases for a long time.


If you are looking for the company of a friendly, dedicated dog, but at the same time a sports lover and very loving, the Dalmatian is the ideal breed in all these aspects. Training it correctly and maintaining the care it requires will make your dog feel in good shape and can compensate you by filling your days with fun and a lot of love. Special for living in a home with small children, or with other animals, this is one of the breeds that has the greatest capacity for socialization, so staying at home will be very easy. There is no doubt that this is one of the most beautiful and sweet dog breeds that exists. Also know other races:
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