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Food allergy symptoms in dogs, care and prevention

Síntomas de alergia alimentaria en los perros, cuidados y prevención

Lobo Azul |

Food allergy is a condition that can appear at any age in your canine friend. It is, in fact, one of the most frequent poisoning reactions suffered by these domestic animals, after insect bites. Generally, this type of adverse reaction to certain foods appears after continued consumption, so it is a process that takes time to both detect and improve.

Warning signs

There are certain messages that dogs emit when they are affected by allergic reactions resulting from the consumption of some foods. So you should pay attention to their body language and review it carefully. These are some of the most frequently occurring food allergy symptoms in dogs.

He looks discouraged and has no appetite

Generally, their body language tends to be sedentary. He also does not rest properly and appears between sad and aggressive. His ears move back and his eyes appear glassy.

You have inflamed skin

It looks red, swollen . You may also develop a rash on your belly and legs. Another warning sign is that small bumps or pimples are appearing on your skin. These tend to be very itchy, so they will constantly scratch themselves, causing further damage to their skin. Food allergy in dogs

He is losing a lot of hair

Dogs lose hair constantly, just like humans, but shedding to the point of shedding clumps is a clear sign of an unfavorable reaction to what they are eating .

His fur looks different

If the coat is thinning, losing its thickness, looking dull , and doesn't look like the breed standard (or if it's a mixed breed, it doesn't look the same as usual) you need to evaluate what your dog eats. in your daily diet.

Has abrasions around the snout

This is another sign that the diet your dog is receiving is negatively affecting him. It is a clear indicator of a condition in the mucous membranes in your digestive tract.

Redness of the paws

This symptom is characterized not only by redness per se, but by showing signs of inflammation , hairless areas, and when touching them, an increase in temperature in the epidermis can be perceived. If your dog licks his paws a lot, it is also a symptom of a food allergy.

Swollen ears

Also red. You may notice your skin is thicker than usual. In some breeds, like the Rottweiler, they look a little “puffed up” when they have an allergic reaction to food.

Red eyes

Both red eyes and very drooping eyelids, excess eye discharge or excessive blinking are signs of an allergic reaction.

His teeth are falling out

Either they have lost their density or they have a lot of tartar. Dogs' food should not accumulate between their teeth in an exaggerated way, this is already a characteristic of being very soft, so digestive processing will not be correct.

Stomach and digestive tract signs

These are the symptoms of an immediate food allergy , a sudden poisoning, rather than a reaction to a specific food to which you always have a reaction. Among them are:
  • Bad breath, different from the common product of salivary secretion.
  • Threw up.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Lots of flatulence.
  • Nausea, that is, retching.
  • Excess salivation.
  • He is drinking a lot of water.
  • He complains when doing his physiological needs.
  • Foul smell of stools.
  • Change in texture and color of stools.
  • His belly looks swollen.

Why does my dog ​​have a food allergy, if I have always given him the same food?

There are several factors that influence the fact that your dog has an adverse reaction to the food that you have always given him. On the one hand, smaller breeds or those of very large size usually have a certain sensitivity to specific proteins or carbohydrates and starches. Dog food allergies
Part of the common diet or the contents of kibble meals are precisely rice and chicken, two of the foods that contain starches and fats that affect dogs. This does not mean that all dogs present the same type of reaction, since not all organisms function in exactly the same way. But how is a reaction possible if it's the same brand of food you've always used? Well, as in all industrialized processes, it is possible that traces of other foods have sneaked in, or that there is a new ingredient in the recipes, especially when the brand launches an improved product. Surely your dog has a greater sensitivity to the change in diet and therefore has these symptoms.

How to help my dog ​​get out of the allergic crisis

Once these symptoms occur, it is vital to go to the veterinarian so that they can give him a detoxification treatment and evaluate him. He will give you guidelines to improve your dog's eating process, however, also follow these instructions that will help in the process:
  • Don't drastically change their diet. Eliminate some of the processed food and combine it with homemade recipes that include vegetables and lean meats.
  • Avoid giving your dog fatty foods, as well as carbohydrates or foods that produce high levels of starches, such as potatoes, corn, wheat, rice and pasta.
  • Always keep fresh water in your dog's bowl.
  • Don't forget to give him the anti-allergy prescribed by the vet.
  • Avoid the midday sun and rather sun it in the morning, so your skin will be less irritated.
  • Bathe him only with soaps specially designed for dogs in an extra mild formula, to reduce the effects of the reaction on the skin.
  • Offer your dog more foods with fish.
  • Don't give him excess food. Just like humans, dogs must maintain a weight commensurate with their size.
  • See if the food you give your dog has coloring. Avoid those that contain it.
Maintaining your dog's health is vital so that it can continue to accompany you for a long time, maintaining physical and mental balance. Remember that when presenting any type of symptomatology described, you should go to your veterinarian as soon as possible to receive precise instructions that will make it improve. You may also be interested in reading:
  • Kennel cough.
  • How to change our dog's feed.
  • Foods your dog should never eat.
  • 13 myths about your dog's nutrition.
  • Tips to strengthen your dog's defenses.
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