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Rottweiler - We tell you everything about this incredible breed

Rottweiler - Te lo contamos todo sobre esta increíble raza

Lobo Azul |

Although some large dog breeds are sometimes considered difficult to handle, the Rottweiler is one of the dogs that has become popular because it is considered potentially dangerous, a reputation that has prevented it from being recommended as a companion pet.
  • Size : Large.
  • Weight : Between 35 and 60kg.
  • Hair type : Soft and woolly.
  • Character : Firm, Self-confident, Devoted, Fearless, Good nature, Alert, Obedient, Confident, Brave, Calm.
  • Health : Healthy.
  • Life expectancy : 8 to 10 years.
However, these dogs have characteristics and attributes that give them special interest as a guard dog, starting with their imposing and muscular build, to a loyal and brave personality.
Rottweiler breed
A strong, dominant and very self-confident dog that is also capable of being affectionate, especially when working on its socialization as a puppy. It is one of the oldest breeds that exist, which has earned it great popularity and recognition in different parts of the world. Well-trained, these dogs make excellent companions , but it is necessary to know every aspect of the breed in detail if you want to adopt a Rottweiler. The following article will be of great help if you are considering this canine to become the new family pet.

Origin of the Rottweiler

An indisputable aspect in the history of the Rottweiler is its age. The breed dates back to the time of the Roman Empire, where dogs very similar to current specimens were used in herding and protection tasks. Some time later, the Rottweiler as it is known today, appears in Germany, specifically in the city of Rottweil, whose name was used to identify this breed, which was obtained by crossing Molossoid-type dogs and Germanic natives.
Rottweiler dog
Surveillance, herding and other field work continued to be the main function performed by this dog breed, due to its size and proportional dimensions that also gave it great strength and effectiveness in these jobs. To such an extent that he was assigned as a police dog for his also notable tracking skills . However, as the breed spread, it became recognized as a good companion animal, although later this function would not be so common, because it was classified as a potentially dangerous dog.

Physical characteristics of the Rottweiler

Its dimensions are one of the most notable features of the Rottweiler's physical appearance . Robust, strong muscular and well proportioned is the appropriate way to describe this monumental animal. The differences between females and males are usually notable. Let's take a closer look at its physical characteristics:

Weight and size

Depending on the sex, the weight and height of these dogs can vary considerably. In relation to females, they can reach up to 40 kilos, and a height between 50 and 60 centimeters high at the withers.
Rottweiler characteristics
Meanwhile, the males exceed 50 kilos and measure between 61 and 70 centimeters at the withers.


At first glance you can see that these dogs have a large, widened head and a fairly hard and pronounced skull. Its snout is also large, square, revealing its strong scissor-shaped bite. The nose of these dogs is black and sufficiently pronounced. Round eyes that are not very large, while his ears are medium in comparison to his body. Pendants in rectangular shape, with high insertion.


Its tail is commonly long, thick, and is generally not seen raised. Although it is a practice rejected in many countries, it is common to see specimens of this breed with their tail amputated up to the second or third vertebra.


These dogs have two layers of fur, making them ideal for cold climates. The undercoat is soft and woolly, keeping him warm. While the outer layer is a smooth, fine hair, of medium length, well planted. The color allowed for this breed is mainly black and has tan or reddish spots on some parts of its body, such as the chest, throat, extremities, cheeks and under the tail.

Rottweiler character

Although they may seem imposing and inspire fear due to their strong and dominant appearance, these well-trained dogs are usually affectionate and friendly . However, by nature, the Rottweiler has a balanced temperament . They are excellent guard dogs, so they are always attentive and retain instincts to protect the integrity of their owners at any time necessary, especially if they feel they are in danger. He is distrustful of strangers, and although he may remain distant, he will not hesitate to face any situation in a brave manner. The same thing happens in the presence of other dogs, as it is a very territorial dog , and will be aggressive if it feels invaded by another animal.
rottweil dog
In homes with children, this pet is not recommended, due to its strength and build. Little ones can treat the dog inappropriately and unwanted accidents could occur. They also have a dominant personality , so they are not suitable dogs for a first-time duel; they require a person of character who knows how to handle the breed in the most determined way possible. However, it must be clarified that the temperament of females is a little more docile than that of males. The latter are generally more difficult to control and feel more dominant. These canines require great dedication, especially when it comes to training, otherwise, if left to chance, they can become really aggressive and develop negative behaviors very easily. In countries like Spain, these dogs are legally classified as dangerous, with the legal system establishing a set of requirements to be able to adopt a specimen of this breed. Among them, the license to handle dangerous animals is one of the most necessary requirements.

Rottweiler education

A firm and constant education is what characterizes the Rottweiler training process . As mentioned, this breed tends to present itself as a strong and dominant animal. At all times he will feel superior to his owner, even more so if he does not show enough character to train him. It is necessary to indicate that it does not respond to training based on shouting, abuse and authoritarian orders. On the contrary, when faced with these techniques, the dog may become aggressive and respond negatively.
train Rottweiler
It is best to carry out training using positive reinforcement. Adequate education focuses on establishing bonds of trust with the canine, in this way, it will understand the orders given to it and will progressively comply with them. Starting socialization at least three months after birth is essential. Only in this way will the calm and well-mannered character of this breed be forged and you will be able to enjoy an excellent companion animal. Consistency in training is another aspect that cannot be overlooked, as well as training in basic commands. Learning to sit or walk, among others, will help the canine behave appropriately at all times.

Rottweiler Health

Like its body, the Rottweiler's health is also strong. It is a dog full of well-being and also resistant to different conditions. However, for this reason you should not trust yourself and neglect it, because instead, strengthening its well-being with your care will be the most opportune way to extend its life expectancy, which averages between 10 and 12 years.
Rottweiler puppy
Although they enjoy very good health, obesity can appear in these dogs if they are fed excessively and even more so if they do not receive the appropriate amount of exercise. Likewise, gastric torsion can also surprise and affect the well-being of these canines. However, we must remember that these are diseases that can be prevented if proper care and guidance from a specialist are taken into account.


Although it is a strong and robust breed that does not require excessive care, the Rottweiler demands certain attention that will help provide it with a permanently better quality of life and well-being. Among the essential care are:


As with any pet with a tendency to obesity and large size, it is necessary to control the quantity and quality of the food provided. Eating a balanced diet, with quality feed that also provides the nutrients necessary to strengthen your bones and body, will be the first indication that should be taken into account. On the other hand, avoiding excess food and treats is another necessary aspect if you want to have a healthy, healthy dog ​​at its ideal weight.
Rottweiler care


This is a dog that also requires a large amount of exercise. Walks of up to three hours a day are one of the most recommended practices. Likewise, they need to have considerable space at their disposal to move around inside the house, so that they can stretch out and not lie down for too long. This will contribute to your health, weight and also to staying balanced.

Rottweiler hygiene

A bath every 15 days and brushing at least three times a week will be enough to maintain adequate hygiene control in these dogs. Checking your ears especially is essential to avoid the appearance of infections due to the moisture that can accumulate in them.

Vaccines and deworming

Medical control, as well as regular vaccinations and deworming, is another aspect that cannot go unnoticed in this breed. Only in this way will you stay strong and healthy, with the possibility of extending your life expectancy.


Although it is a dog considered potentially dangerous, these molosser-type dogs are also affectionate, loyal and strong when necessary. Education is an essential aspect in its growth and if you dedicate enough time to it, you will enjoy the best version of your Rottweiler. A faithful companion, hard worker and great protector. Remember that there are rules to comply with if you want to adopt it, otherwise you will not be able, under any circumstances, to coexist with these canines. An owner who knows about the management of the breed is the most advisable thing to achieve proper harmony with a pet Rottweiler. You may also be interested in:
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