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10 basic commands that every dog ​​should learn

10 órdenes básicas que todo perro debería aprender

Lobo Azul |

Training is one of the most important issues in the presence of a new pet. The arrival of a puppy into the family requires a series of changes, in which the responsibility for its education is one of the basic aspects that every owner must consider as a priority. The education of the canine constitutes a fundamental basis to form the behavior and temperament of the animal from an early age. But where do I start training my dog ?
train a dog
This question is very common, even more so when it is the first time that one takes responsibility for a pet. It is for this reason that on this occasion we will describe ten basic commands that should not be missing from the beginning of dog training. The commands that we will indicate below are essential in the educational training of the dog. They are the first step for the dog to learn other tasks, and above all, they will be part of its daily behavior at home and outside. Therefore, learning is essential.


Without a doubt, the first and, if you like, easiest command that can be taught to a dog is to sit. This is the first of the instructions that every owner, whether expert or not, must carry out with their canine. Not only because it is the simplest, but also because through it the dog can communicate different situations such as, for example, asking for food or going outside.

How to teach it?

One of the most effective ways to teach this command is to show the dog a treat or reward and let him sniff it for a while. Then, enclose the treat in your hand and, with your fist, draw an imaginary line from the dog's head to the back, while you indicate the word " sit " or " sit ", depending on your preference. After several attempts you will notice that the dog sits when you perform this action. A key aspect is that you must maintain a permanent command for this order, once you have started. For example, if your word is "sitting", you should continue training with this word. The dog will register this word in his mind to relate it to this command.


So simple that it may seem boring and unnecessary, but it is really one of the most useful and meaningful learning commands for the dog. Learning to be " still ", either when there are visitors at home or during breaks during walks in the park, this is a basic command that cannot be missing in initial training.

How to teach it?

It's very simple, once the dog has learned to sit, ask him to do it. And with a signal that is of your preference (usually showing the palm of your hand) tell the dog not to move and take about two steps back. If he does, while you move, come back and reward him with a treat. In this way, after constant training, increasing the distance when you move away, the dog will adapt to this command and will do it with great ease when you ask it to.

lying down

Both lying down and " lie down " in conjunction with sitting and staying are not only basic commands, but also consecutive ones. Therefore, this is the third of these basic indications that cannot be missed. Especially if what we want is for the dog to stay by our side, resting.

How to teach it?

Tell your dog the sit command. Once there, and again with the treat in your closed hand, slowly move it towards the ground, indicating to the dog that it should lie down, following the course of your fist. Like the previous ones, after several attempts the dog will understand and relate both the word and the movement to this command, and it will do so automatically when you tell it to.


So to speak, calling the dog to come to us is one of the most important commands, despite not being the first one they learn. That the dog responds to our call when it runs out and returns is one of the basic and necessary aspects that must be practiced with the dog.

How to teach it?

The popular " come here ", or simply " come ", requires a little more practice than the previous commands. However, it is not a complex process. In principle, you should place the reward on your hands or feet, without the dog noticing. Once this is done, call it with the command you want to use, remembering that this must be permanent once the training begins to make it easier for the dog to relate it. When he approaches, offer him the reward you saved and a word of motivation. At first he may not understand, but later he will associate that when you call him, there will be a reward for him and he will answer your call. Try the same exercise keeping a greater and greater distance, this way it can be useful even if you are several meters away.

Walk with your owner

As you learn the basic commands, the level of complexity also increases. That is to say, greater perseverance and patience are required for training, especially when we teach him to walk alongside us. A process with a greater degree of difficulty, because it is normal, on a walk, for the dog to pull on the leash to stop to sniff or observe something. That is why the importance of this order is essential.

How to teach it?

The usual thing is that during the walk, when the dog begins to pull on the leash, you give him the order to sit. Once done, tell him to stay still and try to resume walking. If it doesn't stay still, try again. And this time, when you resume the walk, indicate to the dog with a " let's go " or " go ahead ", that he should walk next to you. If he tries to move away again, using the word " together " practice ordering him to go to your side. If he doesn't obey you, tell him " No!" » And tell him the order again, so he knows what you mean. An important aspect is to always select the same side to walk in this way, the dog will progressively understand the walking pattern next to you.


This is a command that will not only keep our dog entertained and release tension, but will also teach him to deliver objects that we have thrown or hidden around the house. Teaching your dog to " fetch " something is, without a doubt, healthy and useful.

How to teach it?

The first thing is to allow the dog to identify with the object, for example, a ball. And then launch it, indicating with the command " bring " that you must return with it. Once you bring it to us, it is important to reward it and continue, since it is normal that in the first attempts it entertains itself with another object. The commands " search " and " release " go in conjunction with this indication, because the dog is stimulated and also taught to search for the object and return it.


This command, like the previous one, stimulates the dog's exploratory sense, its sense of smell and its mind. It is a progressive learning because to bring the object that we have thrown, the dog must search until it is found and returned to the hands of its owner. Once the dog has returned the object, it must be rewarded for the successful exploitation. The first attempts will probably not be so easy, but later you will feel more comfortable and, above all, entertained.


In addition to fetching and fetching, teaching the dog to let go of the object is a very necessary command, since it is common to see how they cling to anything, such as a ball, and do not want to return it. Properly teaching him that he must return the object voluntarily, without having to remove it from his mouth, will help us have a calmer and more balanced pet.

How to teach it?

In these cases, once you have found the object and brought it back, it is appropriate to show our hand, indicating the command " release " so that it notices that we are asking for the object to be returned. Once you have done it, it is important to reward your action, this way you will do it more easily.


Also known as " forward ", this command is usually used to tell the dog to run or move freely, or also to stop the work it was doing. Although, in most cases, it is more common in the first aspect. It is very easy for the canine to adapt, because it is like a green light to allow it to run or move without any inconvenience. To practice this order, it is important to first educate him to respond to the call and be still, so that if we notice him moving away, we can be sure that he will respond to our indication to return.


Although it is the last on this list, it is no less important. A very useful command in dog training, and carrying out exercise routines, is “ jump ”. This indication is more common when dogs practice sports such as Agility. However, it is appropriate to help them overcome walls or fences. When practicing games and training, this order is very useful and can even be fun to learn.


Without a doubt, dog training is full of endless important aspects to achieve the mental and physical balance of our dog. Training is a deep and interesting topic that must be constantly practiced from an early age of the canine and as it develops. An aspect that must not be forgotten under any circumstances is positive reinforcement . Education based on the reward and motivation of this technique will allow the results to be more noticeable and faster, instead of wrongly adopting an authoritarian and aggressive behavior towards the pet that will not produce good results. It is important to emphasize the practice of the positive reinforcement method in training, with the certainty of visualizing an adequate education, where in addition to learning, bonds of trust and comfort will be established between the dog and its owner or trainer. More about dogs:
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