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The Doberman: a great guard and companion dog

El Dóberman: un gran perro guardián y de compañía

Lobo Azul |

Although on more than one occasion the Doberman has been classified as a highly dangerous breed and not recommended as a companion pet, only those who have lived closely with these dogs will be certain of the innumerable qualities that make this an unparalleled friend.

  • Big size .
  • Weight : Between 30 and 40kg.
  • Hair type : Short, shiny, fine and soft.
  • Character : Marked personality, loyal and protective.
  • Health : Very healthy
  • Life expectancy : More than 10 years.

With a somewhat curious history, a muscular and athletic appearance and their reputation for being an aggressive animal, these dogs have earned great recognition in society, for their repeated appearances on television as a police dog, among others.

But what really makes them special is the loyalty and protection they offer to those they consider their family, especially children, although due to their size and energy there must be constant supervision in the coexistence between them, there will not be a moment in which Don't enjoy being with your loved ones.

Do you want to know everything about this great friend? In this article we will make a deep description of its characteristics, personality, health, the care it needs and the history that surrounds the life of this popular dog breed.

Origin of the Doberman

The history of the Doberman, Dobermann or simply " Dob " as it is affectionately known, dates back to the 1880s, in a small area of ​​Germany called Apolda. The first example of these dogs originated from the Thuringian Shepherd dog named Schnuppe , belonging to Friedrich Louis Dobermann , from whom the name for the breed was inherited.

According to the theory, Friedrich, in order to find a dog that was loyal but formidable in appearance and size that would be appropriate to protect him in his work as a tax collector, began crossing different dogs. Until we reach the gray and brown Dobermans.

Breeds such as the Great Dane, Beauce Shepherd and mainly the Rottweiler , were the canines on which the crossing that gave rise to this powerful dog breed was based, which explains its mysterious appearance and a touch of aggressiveness that it gives, in many cases. , fear and danger as the first expectation for those who see it.


It is one of the newest breeds in the canine world , however, it is also one of the most popular, due to its important appearance in different series and movies, especially those related to police officers.

As a guard, protector and vigilant dog it is one of the most successful choices, not in vain, during the war, the German armies were armed with more than 6 thousand specimens of these canines, which also have a great capacity for attention and a brave attitude.

Currently, the Doberman is not considered one of the best options for a companion dog . This is because his appearance has earned him a reputation for aggressiveness.

However, this aspect will largely depend on the education you receive. In this way, it can be one of the most loyal and helpful dogs to its owners.

Doberman Physical Characteristics

The perception of a guard dog is the first that comes to mind when we see a specimen of this breed, due to the appearance and bearing of this popular breed.

A muscular dog, with an athletic build, well built. Robust, but at the same time profiled and elegant. An imposing image of security is what is perceived at first sight of a Doberman.

With well-defined limbs, strong but not excessively thick, they are long and provide great agility and resistance to these canines.

Doberman dog

Let's see more details about the physical appearance of the Dob:

Weight and height

His height is one of the details that most echoes his reputation as an athletic and caring dog. It is a dog that is taller than it is wide; in the case of males, they can reach up to 70 centimeters in height . While females can reach around 65 centimeters in size.

The weight is also notable, although well distributed among the muscles of his body. The male averages between 35 to 40 kilograms. And the female, between 30 to 35 kilos .


The Doberman's head is medium-sized, strong and proportionally in line with its body, profiled and with a protruding jaw. Their nose is also medium-sized, usually black.

His eyes are larger, oval in shape, black and have an expression of security and a bit of mystery.

The ears of these dogs are set high, long and rectangular in shape, always elevated, giving the perception of always being alert.



Like the ears, the tail is another characteristic aspect of this breed. Well, before being punished by the Law, amputation of these was common, in order to give an impression of ferocity to these canines.

Its tail is long, set high and always elevated. Thick at the base and a little narrower towards the tip. It is covered by the short black fur of these dogs.


The Doberman's hair is, at all times, short, shiny, fine and above all soft . A silkiness quite characteristic of the breed is what makes the coat of these dogs really interesting.

Until now, the only accepted color is black, in combination with tan, which contrasts practically half of his body, especially on the face.


Stating that it is a high-risk dog, or with high levels of aggressiveness in its temperament, is one of the most common mistakes made with this breed. Although it is true that it has a very marked personality , we must reiterate that the behavior of the Doberman, like that of other canines, is really influenced by the education they receive.

What can be highlighted about the personality of these dogs is their loyalty to their family members, they are a protective dog, who will not hesitate to protect the integrity of their family above anything else . We are also talking about a playful, affectionate dog that is very attached to its family group.

Although he is also independent and self-confident, he requires the presence of a loving but determined owner, capable of providing him with orders appropriately and guiding him in his daily life.

These dogs are athletic, so they require adequate space to stay in constant movement. In addition, they are very hard-working and collaborative, which is why they are ideal for field activities and outdoor life.

Doberman breed

When it comes to coexistence, these dogs tend to be very territorial , so the presence of other pets may be uncomfortable at first, but later they will adapt, especially if socialization begins from an early age.

In relation to other people, like good guard dogs, they are distrustful of the arrival of an unknown individual, and although they will not show their powerful teeth at first, it is possible that they appear restless and alert.

However, once this person receives the approval and welcome of his owner, this dog will remain calmer, although he will always be alert.

Although it may not seem like it, these dogs are very good companions for the little ones in the house , as they are energetic and love games. However, it is necessary to maintain constant supervision, because its strength and energy can cause unwanted accidents, even though this dog will not want to cause damage.

Behavioral problems are common in this breed if they do not receive proper education. They can be aggressive, rebellious and cause various damage. However, if they receive the correct training, these canines will be an excellent company in the home.

Doberman training

Dob training will be one of the simplest aspects if you start from an early age. They are very intelligent dogs and their education will not be complex at all . However, consistency in this aspect will determine the behavior of the canine.

It should be started at least after four months of life of the puppy, since it is the most recommended, since at this time the bases for the formation of its character can be accentuated.

Starting with socialization with its environment, animals and other people is ideal, in this way, the canine will recognize aspects closer to it and establish bonds that will allow it to adapt more easily.

train Doberman

On the other hand, and of great importance, is practicing basic commands such as, for example, sit, stop, walk, obey the word "No", among others. This is key, especially when the canine is a little aggressive.

It is necessary that the identification of these orders be completely effective, so you will be sure that it will obey in any situation that requires your intervention.

One aspect that you must consider in the education of the Doberman is that there is no way in the world that you can teach them with education based on shouting, mistreatment or punishment, as it can immediately become uncomfortable for the dog and awaken a negative attitude in it.

The presence of positive reinforcement, motivation techniques and, above all, the security of the person training them are key for the dog to feel comfortable and be able to perform adequately in training.

You must consider these guidelines permanently if you want the training of these dogs to provide the expected result.


The Doberman breed is considered one of the healthy ones in the canine world. Resistant and with great strength is the definition that most characterizes these dogs.

They have a fairly remarkable state of health and well-being. However, in general, a common disease in the breed is digestive disorders, so taking care of its diet is an essential aspect .

On the other hand, cardiac pathologies, specifically a murmur, can occur in these dogs, although their frequency is not very notable. However, it is necessary to take care of excesses when exercising, as this can affect them considerably.

Except for the criteria mentioned, these dogs have obvious strength , and their life expectancy can easily exceed 10 years. Although it will be influenced by the care and quality of life that our canine is allowed to have.

doberman hair color

Doberman Care

The care required by this breed is not at all exaggerated; on the contrary, it requires very simple aspects to stay healthy . But this does not mean that they should be taken lightly.

On the contrary, because they are simple care, it is necessary that they be carried out constantly if we want to provide adequate well-being and extend the life expectancy of our Dob.

Let's look at some of the most necessary attention:


It is an energetic breed, that is, it will demand a considerable proportion of food or feed . However, it is necessary to control the portions and feed given to this breed, because as mentioned, they tend to suffer from digestive disorders.

It is important to consult with your veterinarian about the appropriate amount and type of food to ensure that these dogs remain in good nutritional balance and fed adequately.


Confinement, little space or tethers are not the best way to keep a Dob. In fact, these aspects can foster an aggressive character.

They are dogs that require constant physical activity , sharing with the family and taking constant walks.

Although excesses should be avoided, maintaining an adequate level of exercise will prevent these dogs from falling into obesity and will also promote adequate emotional and physical balance.


It is one of the least demanding aspects of the breed. A monthly bath or when it is really dirty and weekly brushing will be enough to maintain the shine and silkiness of its coat.


Although they are very independent dogs, the Doberman greatly enjoys the company and attention of their loved ones . That is why dedicating a few hours a day to sharing with him will make him a happy and familiar dog.

Doberman puppy

Vaccines and deworming

This aspect will contribute to the prevention of diseases, strengthening the breed's immune system, and keeping it healthy.

Medical control is another essential factor if you want to keep adequate control of your dog's health.


After all the information we have provided, it is necessary to eliminate the false belief that the Doberman breed is high risk to be a companion dog.

Although these dogs have a strong, independent and brave personality, they are noble dogs with a big heart , who enjoy the love and company of their loved ones.

Their appearance is only a small part of how much these dogs have to give. By focusing on proper education, you can enjoy an excellent friend, balanced and, above all, a protector by nature.

Don't be carried away by appearances and erroneous myths about it and discover what this incredible dog breed has to offer.

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